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These sites were compiled through the National Network to Freedom-Underground Railroad Program, National Park Service, Harriet Tubman National Historic Site. These are sites that have been admitted formally into the program based on National level review.Metadata are available here.

Dataset Attributes

  • OBJECTID
    Number
  • ID_1
    Number
    1 to 21
  • Site
    Text
    {"value"=>"William Webb house", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"William Lambert House", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"Second Baptist Church of Detroit", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"Sandwich Baptist Church - discussion only", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"Michigan's first state capitol", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"Mariner's Church", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"Governor Steven T. Mason", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"George DeBaptiste house", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"Gateway to Freedom", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"First Masonic Temple", "count"=>1} ()
  • Additional_Info_1
    Text
    {"value"=>"As one of the national forerunners in the Anti-slavery movement, the Congregational Church has a rich history in the Underground Railroad nationally. Locally, church records indicate it served as one of the Railroad Stations while located at Fort", "count"=>2} (), {"value"=>"This was the location of several thousands of UGRR crossings for fugitive slaves escaping into Canada. Often runaways crossing the Detroit River referred to it as their \"River Jordan,\" and Canada as their \"Land of Canaan.\" George DeBaptiste owned", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"The church was established in 1836, when 13 former slaves decided to leave the First Baptist Church because of its discriminatory practices. The church quickly became involved in the period's most bitter dispute--slavery. Just miles away from the", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"The \"Boy Governor\" was 19 when he became governor of the Michigan territory. He was a Virginian and his family brought their household slaves to Michigan in 1830. This was in disregard to the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 which forbade new slaves north", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"SW corner of E. Larned and Beaubien. \"George DeBaptiste, a long-time Mason, and one of Detroit's most active and impassioned African-American community leaders, lived on this site during the 1850s and 60s,\" according to the marker describing this", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"On W. Jefferson between Griswold and Shelby. This site served as a “station” in Detroit’s Underground Railroad both before and after the building was completed in 1852.", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"NE corner of E. Larned and St. Aubin. William Lambert, a black leader in Michigan for almost fifty years, lived on this site,\" according to the historical marker. \"Born in New Jersey about 1817, he moved to Detroit as a young man and became active", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"Mariners’ became a point on the Underground Railway, assisting the freedom of former slaves through a tunnel from its basement to the waterfront. http://marinerschurchofdetroit.org/history/ The church was eventually moved to its current lcoation.", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"In the 1830s, most members of the black community lived near the eastern dockyards, both north and east of the main district area", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"In 1837, Michigan became a state and the state constitution abolished slavery. Detroit's black population dropped from 1833 and didn't grow again until 1837. The capitol was moved to Lansing 10 years later.", "count"=>1} ()
  • Additional_Info_2
    Text
    {"value"=>"and Wayne Streets.", "count"=>2} (), {"value"=>"this capacity that he assisted fugitive slaves in the era prior to 1861. In 1850 he purchased a site where in later years stood the Finney Hotel, and also erected a large barn, which he operated along with his tavern.\" This marker is for a barn", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"the ship \"T. Whitney\" that transported runaways across the Detroit River to Canada. The ship traveled between Sandusky, Ohio and Detroit. It would stop in Amherstburg (Canada) on the pretense of getting lumber, while actually shuttling fugitive", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"the Detroit monument features eight bronze figures gesturing over the river towards Canada; in Windsor you’ll find a 22-foot sculpture of former slaves celebrating their newfound freedom", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"sought an end to slavery through political means, Brown believed revolution was the way to end the system; 8 months later, Brown would die for his beliefs after the famed Harper’s Ferry Raid in West Virginia. A portion of the marker inscription ", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"of the Ohio River.", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"in the antislavery movement and served as the head of the Detroit Vigilance Committee. In 1843 he helped organize the first State Convention of Colored Citizens and served as its chairman. He was one of those present at the meeting between", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"freedom that the Canadian border offered to escaped slaves, it soon became a stop on the Underground Railroad. Its leaders helped form the Amherstburg Baptist Association and the Canadian Anti-Slavery Baptist Association, both of which supported", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"explore the diversity of African American history and culture. It features both permanent and special exhibitions, and the current \"third generation\" museum (located in Detroit's Cultural Center) is a 120,000 square foot state-of-the-art facility,", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"Church.", "count"=>1} ()
  • Additional_Info_3
    Text
    {"value"=>"when attempting to transfer Thornton, a group of 40 to 200 mostly black, men and women arrived. A pistol was tossed to Thornton, who after", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"slaves to freedom. A white man, Captain Atwood, a proven abolitionist, was hired by DeBaptiste to run the boat, since African Americans we", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"Seymour Finney owned in Detroit to hide enslaved Africans escaping slavery and fleeing to Canada on the underground railroad.", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"reads as follows: \"In the home of William Webb, 200 feet north of this spot, two famous American's met with several Detroit African-American", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"owned the land near what is now Conant Gardens. He is buried here.", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"John Brown and Frederick Douglass at the home of William Webb where he made a financial contribution to the Harpers Ferry Raid led by John", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"It is the largest museum in the world dedicated to the struggles and perseverance of African Americans. The core exhibit traces the history", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"at William Webb's home in 1859. \"Born in Virginia about 1815, he moved to Madison, Indiana in 1838 and became involved in the Underground", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"abolitionism. These organizations aided, both spiritually and materially, the ever-increasing number of fugitive slaves fleeing north. The", "count"=>1} ()
  • Additional_Info_4
    Text
    {"value"=>"re not aloowed to run steamboats at the time. The code name for Detroit was \"Midnight\".", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"Railroad. Forced to leave because of his anti-slavery activities, DeBaptiste became the personal valet ofGeneral William Henry Harrison, whom he accompanied to the White House as a steward.", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"pointing it at the sheriff, fired into the air. The crowd erupted and the shackled Thornton was rushed away on a horse cart. They escaped up Gratiot to Russell then around the city to the Rouge River where they escaped by boat to Sandwich. 29 people", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"of the slave trade from Africa to the Americas and Detroit's participation in the UGRR movement. The Ring of Genealogy in the rotunda contains the names of many of the prominent members of Detroit's UGRR organization.", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"church's activism was not limited to slavery, however. In 1843 and in 1865, it hosted a \"State Conventionof Colored Citizens\" to petition the Michigan government for Negro Suffrage, and after the Civil War, the church played a vital role in helping", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>"Brown in 1859. One writer (Buckmaster) asserts that in 31 years of aiding runaway slaves, Lambert helped30,000 fugitives across the river from Detroit.", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>" residents on March 12, 1859, to discuss methods of abolishing slavery in the United States,\" as outlinedon the above marker. \"John Brown (1800-1859), a fiery leader, ardently advocated insurrectionary procedures, and eight months later became", "count"=>1} ()
  • Additional_Info_5
    Text
    {"value"=>"a martar to the cause.\" \"Frederick Douglass (1817-1895), ex-slave and internationally-recognized antislavery orator and writer, sought a solution…", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>" were tried and 11 sentenced -- all black -- for \"unlawful assembly and a riot and disturbance.\"", "count"=>1} (), {"value"=>" thousands of migrating freed slaves in securing homes and jobs in and around Detroit. The church assisted more than 5,000 slaves on their way to Canada.", "count"=>1} ()
  • Shape__Area
    Number
    1290.68505859375 to 5506586.03588867
  • Shape__Length
    Number
    127.51673180983 to 10650.3648929619

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